Recycling old electronics is an important step to lower the accumulation of electronic waste in landfills. Electronic recycling (or reclamation) converts computer parts, printers, mobile phones, televisions, compact disc, DVD players, and other electronic devices into low-cost, durable components. The process involves chemically liberating the metals from electronic devices. The process generates high quality materials that can be reused for various industrial processes such as batteries, solar panels, lubricants, etc. Recycling also helps in the reduction of electronic waste, helping reduce the strain on natural resources and promoting the conservation of the environment.
What Is Involved In Computer Recycling
Computer recycling, computer refurbishment or e-waste recycling is essentially the separation and disassembling of electronic equipment and components. Though the techniques of recycling, repair and donation are not technically recycling, yet these are very common practices of other green-based methods to dispose of IT equipment. In most cases, the professionals involved in the recycling process are specially trained to handle sensitive and highly valuable computers that need special attention and care. They recycle the computers by melting or shredding them down and then recycle the materials through a process called “disintegration.”
Through free recycling programs, recyclers can easily take old computers and replace them with state of the art and new generations of computers. One such popular program is the Mobile Electronics Recycling (MERS). MERS is an initiative of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and is designed to support manufacturers in providing Information Technology (IT) systems that are energy-efficient, safe, and environmentally sound. Since computers, cell phones, lap tops, handheld PCs, laptops, printer cartridges, digital cameras, and other electronic devices have many functions and parts, they need different kinds of recycling programs. For instance, it is important to separate the materials that can be recycled and those that cannot. Computer and LCD monitors are separated while electronic components such as printers and scanners are typically combined.
What Happens To Old Electronics?
In addition to recycling old electronics, recyclers also dispose of them in ways that will reduce e-waste and other toxic wastes. Recyclers are required by law to reduce e-waste in their operations and dispose of computer and LCD monitors and other electronic waste only in an environmentally sound way. There are many options available for businesses to choose from to help them comply with recycling requirements. Green technology options like solar panels and wind turbines that harness the power of the sun and the wind respectively to power generators can be used to reduce e-wastage.
Apart from recycling old electronics, e-wastage can also be reduced by reclaiming landfills. There are two types of approaches to recycling landfills. One is to allow solid waste to pile up in the open and another is to keep metals like electronics and metal recycling inside closed landfills. The open method of disposal of waste allows hazardous materials to spread in the environment and pollute the air and soil. On the other hand, the closed system of recycling enables companies to recycle hazardous materials and dispose of them safely. In this system, hazardous electronic equipment is deposited into a container and then left out in the open.
Where Can Recycling Centres Be Accessed?
Both online and local computer recycling centres are available to reduce the load on landfills and help the environment. The online option enables users to search for electronic devices that they want to sell or recycle. The local option makes it easier for consumers to do their part in reducing waste and preventing pollution. Now all you have to do is choose which option suits your lifestyle and the environment.